Empirical Science

observation hypothesis experiment

EU UK robustly endorses a practice of science rooted firmly in evidence and experiment. 

videos  eu cosmology  electric sun  testing the models   links  

 

 

 

Don Scott – on observing the Sun’s corona …

Michael Claridge – on scaling up to predict the size of the sun …

Wallace Thornhill – observing The Sun-Galaxy connection …

Montgomery Childs – the thrill of scientific enquiry …

Electric Universe paradigm

Plasma cosmology, developed over the last century in the hands of Nobel Prize winners (and which has an extensive peer-reviewed literature) has been empirically tested in the laboratory and its predictive power is impressive — for example, that stars and galaxies form, and are aligned, along cosmic electric current filaments.

The Electric Universe takes plasma cosmology further and investigates the continuing electrical nature of all stars following their birth. One model fits all stars. It shows the complex electromagnetic structure of cosmic current filaments, which influence the structure and rotation of condensed celestial bodies and galaxies. It introduces a simple physical model of matter in order to understand quantum behaviour, light, magnetism, gravity and the nuclear force. The result is a simple, coherent and interdisciplinary picture of our place in the universe. It has the attributes of a real cosmology, which must have application in our day-to-day lives.

Galactic centre. Image: University of Iowa Dept. of Physics and Astronomy.

Electric Sun Model

The pioneer of the Electric Sun model was an engineer from Flagstaff, Arizona — Ralph Juergens. In the early 1970s, he proposed a detailed electrical model based on arc searchlight technology. The result was a model which naturally explained features like photospheric granulation (see below image), spicules, the chromosphere and the corona in terms of a low-pressure spherical gas discharge. The solar ‘wind’ acceleration and its magnetic field are seen as a drift current in the observed weak radial electric field of the solar discharge.

This dovetails neatly with that part of the solar electric circuit proposed by the father of plasma cosmology, Hannes Alfvén. But rather than the Sun being a generator, it is a circuit load in the Electric Universe. More recent work has explained the magnetic cycle and steady radiance of the Sun while its X-ray output varies. And the discoveries of the IBEX mission match the expectations of a galactic circuit connection to the Sun. 

The implications of the Electric Sun model are profound for cosmology and for research aimed at producing energy “like the Sun.” As a result, a private experiment (SAFIRE) to test the model is at an advanced stage.

See our links section to find out more about The Electric Sun.

Detailed view of a sunspot and surrounding solar surface. The dense pattern of cells (unrelated to the sunspot) is granulation; the individual cells are granules. Hinode JAXA/NASA.

Testing the models

SAFIRE

stellar atmospheric function in regulation experiment

In simple terms the SAFIRE project is “a star in a jar”. The first of its kind in the world, a laboratory in the depths of Canada set up to explore the role of electricity in stellar and planetary phenomena. At its heart is a vacuum chamber wherein stable plasma discharges (also referred to as regimes) are obtained from a positively-charged anode. By careful analysis and comparison with actual solar data, the team are able to investigate the role of electricity in the functioning of the Sun’s photosphere right here on earth. The SAFIRE brief may be summarised thus:

“…to construct an apparatus that can challenge the [Electric Sun*] model’s predictions and provide evidence that will disprove or falsify the model. Or provide evidence that supports the claims.”

The project has been under way since 2013. Phase One was a relatively simple bench-top set up which tested the viability of the whole endevour (see images below). It was then scaled up considerably with the construction of a large plasma chamber and integration of massively augmented measuring and monitoring equipment for Phase Two. The results can be read here in the 2017 report (pdf) or seen in a video presentation here. Key members of the SAFIRE team (Montgomery Childs and Michael Clarage) will be presenting latest SAFIRE results and bringing the UK up to date at our RECONNECT 2108 conference and symposium.

The most detailed introduction to the SAFIRE project can found on the project’s own website; to get started go to http://www.safireproject.com/resources.html and click the pdf link.

*As the Electric Sun model is a key component of the broader Electric Universe paradigm, the results from SAFIRE, either supportive or contradictory, can apply to both.

SAFIRE - a brief visual history

Phase One

DoE – Design of Experiment. Start simple: an anode and cathode in a bell jar….

Phase one anode

pre-test state

Phase one anode

fired up in the jar

Phase one anode

plasma radiating in

‘double layers’

Phase Two

Scale up the model…

Phase two. External views

of the new plasma chamber..

integrate highly sensitive sensors and cameras to record, measure and monitor

fire up the anode in the plasma chamber….

record and analyse the data …

History of the study of electricity

Listed below are some of the scientists from the past 250 years who have laid the foundations for contemporary studies into the role of stellar, atmospheric, and terrestrial electrical forces.

Benjamin Franklin (1705-1790)
Michael Faraday (1792-1867)
James Clerk Maxwell (1831-1879)
Sir William Crookes (1832-1919
Kristian Birkeland (1867-1917)
Nicola Tesla (1856-1943)
Irving Langmuir (1881-1957)
Hannes Alfvén (1908-1995)

Charles-Augustin Coulomb (1736-1806)
Luigi Galvani (1737-1798)
Alessandro Giuseppe Antonio Volta (1745-1827)
André-Marie Ampčre (1775-1836)
Hans Christian Oersted (1777-1851)
Carl Friedrich Gauss (1777-1855)
Alexander von Humboldt  (1769-1859)
Georg Simon Ohm (1789-1854)
Jean Baptist Biot  (1774-1862)
Félix Savart (1791-1841)
Wilhelm Eduard Weber  (1804-1891)
Gustav Robert Kirchhoff (1824-1887)
Joseph Henry (1797-1878)
James Watt (1736-1819)
James Prescott Joule (1818-1889)
Oliver Heaviside (1850-1925)
Hendrik Lorentz (1853-1928)